From the Journal of Urban Economics:
by Travis Campbell
14 September 2023
The Ferguson Effect of the first BLM era (peaked in 2015-16) was more localized than the Floyd Effect of 2020-?. According to @cremieuxrecueil, Southern Oregon U. economist Travis Campbell has guesstimated from local protest patterns that the Ferguson Effect led to 236 fewer subsequent killings by police and 3,280 more homicides by civilians. In other words, the Ferguson Effect led to a 13.9x ratio of lives lost to lives saved.