The Senators and Representatives before mentioned, and the Members of the several State Legislatures, and all executive and judicial Officers, both of the United States and of the several States, shall be bound by Oath or Affirmation, to support this Constitution....[Oaths Clause, The Heritage Guide To The Constitution, The Heritage Foundation, undated]Alexander Hamilton thought the oath, and its enforcement upon State officials, would make the States subordinate in the appropriate areas where a national policy was necessary and in compliance with the Federalism doctrine of the Constitution.
The Oaths Clause helps to fulfill the Framers' plan to integrate the states into the electoral, policy-making, and executory functions of the federal union, subject to the limits of the Tenth Amendment. For example, the Supreme Court has held that Congress may not "conscript" the legislatures or executive officers of a state directly into federal service. New York v. United States (1992); Printz v. United States (1997). In The Federalist No. 27, Alexander Hamilton offered a careful and nuanced description of the Oaths Clause: "thus, the legislatures, courts, and magistrates, of the respective members, will be incorporated into the operations of the national government as far as its just and constitutional authority extends; and it will be rendered auxiliary to the enforcement of its laws."This is relevant for today given the sedition and lawlessness of various States in the area of immigration law, which is the sole authority of the Federal government, though State action to support the Federal government is not prohibited, and by the Oath Clause, support is mandatory, or at at minimum the States are prohibited from creating their own immigration policies in contravention of Federal statute or interfering with the enforcement of immigration law.In order to keep the States from adopting any immigration policy in contravention of Federal law, Congress took action to prohibit State officials from prohibiting or interfering with communications regarding aliens from State officials to the Federal government. This is in Title 8 of the United States Code, Section 1373.
(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of Federal, State, or local law, a Federal, State, or local government entity or official may not prohibit, or in any way restrict, any government entity or official from sending to, or receiving from, the Immigration and Naturalization Service information regarding the citizenship or immigration status, lawful or unlawful, of any individual.(b) Additional authority of government entitiesNotwithstanding any other provision of Federal, State, or local law, no person or agency may prohibit, or in any way restrict, a Federal, State, or local government entity from doing any of the following with respect to information regarding the immigration status, lawful or unlawful, of any individual:(1) Sending such information to, or requesting or receiving such information from, the Immigration and Naturalization Service. (2) Maintaining such information. (3) Exchanging such information with any other Federal, State, or local government entity.[Title 8 USC 1373, Communication Between Government Agencies And The Immigration And Naturalization Service, Legal Information Institute, undated]Despite his oath to adhere to the above, Multnomah County Sheriff Mike Reese, thinks Title 8 USC 1373 doesn't apply to him, nor is he bound by his same oath to support that Federal law passed pursuant to Congress's authority to regulate immigration under Article I, Section 8, Clause 4:
To establish an uniform Rule of Naturalization, and uniform Laws on the subject of Bankruptcies throughout the United States;[Article I, Section 8, Clause 4, Naturalization, The Heritage Guide To The Constitution, The Heritage Foundation, undated]
Sheriff Reese thinks Multnomah County and the State of Oregon can make their own immigration policy in conflict with Federal immigration law. This is sedition and rebellion. Neither Sheriff Reese, nor Multnomah County, nor the State of Oregon may make or enforce any policy or action to contravene the immigration laws of the United States. But Sheriff Reese thinks he is above the law.
Seditious Criminal And Oath Breaker Mike Reese
So, Sheriff Reese openly declares that it is illegal for his deputies to communicate with the Federal government concerning aliens. Such a prohibition is illegal. And Sheriff Reese helpfully put his policy in writing and personally told at least three deputies, besides the public, that any communication with the Federal government was illegal. Not very bright of Sheriff Reese, as his statements are a confession to several Federal crimes beside sedition and rebellion. His actions are also a violation of Title 8 USC Section 1324, Bringing In and Harboring Certain Aliens, a statute prohibiting the aiding of illegal aliens to remain.It is time for Attorney General Jeff Sessions to instruct his United States Attorney for District of Oregon, Billy Williams, to indict and arrest Sheriff Reese for the above offenses. Williams is a #DeepState Obama appointee operative, so Attorney General Sessions must be prepared to dismiss Williams if he resists prosecuting the criminal Mike Reese. Prosecuting Reese will be an example for others, a badly needed example. Time for Jeff Sessions to walk the walk on illegal immigration. A perp walk for Sheriff Reese is just the solution to put down rebellion and sedition.
After initially saying he couldn't comment on a personnel matter, Sheriff Mike Reese now says that the three sheriff's deputies who shared information with U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement agents would be in violation of the agency's current policies on cooperating with federal immigration officials.The updated policy went into effect on January 31, the same day that several news agencies obtained the emails sent to ICE agents by the deputies through a public records request.Reese says he was not aware that any deputies were communicating with federal immigration agents, until the emails went public."If I had known they were doing that I would have told them to stop," Reese says. "Before a complaint was raised, I wasn't aware."[Sheriff Mike Reese Says Deputies Who Emailed ICE Agents Would Be in Violation of His New Policies, by Katie Shepherd, Willamette Weekly, November 6, 2017]