Could non-citizens decide the November election?By Jesse Richman and David Earnest October 24 at 3:06 PMCould control of the Senate in 2014 be decided by illegal votes cast by non-citizens? Some argue that incidents of voting by non-citizens are so rare as to be inconsequential, with efforts to block fraud a screen for an agenda to prevent poor and minority voters from exercising the franchise, while others define such incidents as a threat to democracy itself. Both sides depend more heavily on anecdotes than data.In a forthcoming article in the journal Electoral Studies, we bring real data from big social science survey datasets to bear on the question of whether, to what extent, and for whom non-citizens vote in U.S. elections. Most non-citizens do not register, let alone vote. But enough do that their participation can change the outcome of close races. MoreSee previous letters from the same reader.James Fulford writes: One of the earliest things I wrote for this site was a note to the effect that immigrants, legal and illegal, can affect elections even if they don’t vote. That’s because the apportionment of the House and Senate are based on population, including immigrants.[Immigration`s Rotten Borough dynamic…, February 23, 2001] For more on this, see here.