National Data | Chart | No-one's Suggesting Mass Deportation—But It Would Pay For Itself
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Table 1:

Federal Taxes and Expenditures per Illegal Alien Household, 2002

Tax Payments


Social Security


Income tax


Excise and other taxes






Corporate income tax


Total Tax Payments




Federal prisons, courts, INS




Treatment for uninsured


Food assistance


Federal Aid to Education


Social Security & Medicare




Other transfer payments[1]


All Other Expenditures[2]


Total Expenditures


Deficit (Taxes less expenditures)


Source: Steven A. Camarota, "The High Cost of Cheap Labor: Illegal Immigration and the Federal Budget," CIS, August 2004. Table 2.

a. Earned Income Tax Credit, Additional Child Tax Credit, unemployment, federal disability, higher education assistance, Stafford Student Loans, means-tested programs for refugees. Illegals are assumed to be receiving no federal disability or means-tested programs for refugees.

b. Includes those federal expenditures not accounted for in  table, such as infrastructure maintenance and criminal justice.

Table 2:

State and Local Taxes and Expenditures per Immigrant Household: California

(2002 dollars)

Tax Payments


Income tax


Property tax


Sales tax


All other


Total Payments




K-12 education


Transfers to households


All other


Total Expenditures


Fiscal Deficit (Taxes less spending)


Source: National Research Council, The New Americans: Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration, 1997. Table 6.3.


Edwin S. Rubenstein (email him) is President of ESR Research Economic Consultants in Indianapolis.

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