National Data | Chart | "Insourcing"—Few Jobs. And Immigrants Get Them Anyway
April 24, 2004, 05:00 AM
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Table 1:

Outsourced versus Insourced

Jobs, 1991-2001

 

"Outsourcing":

"Insourcing":

Insourced Jobs

 

Foreign-based Employees

U.S.-based Employees

as % of

Year

of U.S. Companies

of Foreign Companies

Outsourced Jobs

 

(Employees in Millions)

 

1991

6.878

4.872

70.8%

1992

6.660

4.843

72.7%

1993

6.731

4.766

70.8%

1994

6.958

4.841

69.6%

1995

7.377

4.942

67.0%

1996

7.617

5.105

67.0%

1997

8.018

5.202

64.9%

1998

8.388

5.646

67.3%

1999

8.907

6.028

67.7%

2000

9.607

6.525

67.9%

2001

9.776

6.372

65.2%

Change:

 

 

 

 1991-2002

2.898

1.500

51.8%

1997-2001

1.758

1.170

66.6%

 

 

 

Sources:

 

Outsourcing, 1991-1993: U.S. Department of Commerce, Survey of Current Business, June 1995, page 32.

 

 

1994-2001: U.S. Department of Commerce, Survey of Current Business, Investment Table G.3, various years.

 

 

Insourcing,1991-2001: U.S. Department of Commerce, Survey of Current Business, August 2003, page 45..

 

 

 

Table 2:

U.S. Employment in Foreign 

Companies: Start-ups and Acquisitions

Year Acquired

U.S. Companies

U.S. Companies

 

or Established

Acquired by Foreigners

Started by Foreigners

Total

 

(Employees in 1,000s)

1991

222.9

26.1

249.0

1992

120.6

20.9

141.5

1993

270.5

18.6

289.1

1994

276.3

13.0

289.3

1995

281.1

31.8

312.9

1996

423.2

13.6

436.9

1997

268.7

19.9

288.5

1998

603.4

21.2

624.6

1999

589.3

13.4

602.7

2000

749.0

21.1

770.0

2001

335.1

74.9

410.0

Total, 1991-2001

4,140.0

274.4

4,414.4

% of Total, 1991-2001

93.8%

6.2%

100.0%

 

 

Source: Employment Policy Institute, "Insourcing myths: jobs and insourcing," Economic

Snapshots, April 6, 2004.

 

Edwin S. Rubenstein (email him) is President of ESR Research Economic Consultants in Indianapolis.