National Data | Chart | Illegals and the Economy
February 05, 2004, 04:00 AM
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Illegal Immigrant Workers by Industry,

2001 (in thousands)

Industry group

Illegal Immigrant Laborforce

Total U.S. Laborforce

Illegals as % Total Laborforce

Construction

  620

 9,670

6.4%

Manufacturing

1,190

20,830

5.7%

    Durable

  580

12,670

4.6%

    Non-durable

  610

  8,150

7.5%

Wholesale and

Retail Trades

1,410

29,850

4.7%

     Restaurants

  700

  7,720

9.1%

      Others

  720

22,130

3.3%

Services

1,320

41,960

3.1%

       Business

   390

   2,350

16.6%

       Household

   250

   1,050

23.8%

       Other

   690

 38,570

1.8%

Other industries*

   350

37,990

0.9%

TOTAL WORKERS

5,300

      143,640

3.7%

* Other industries include transportation, communication, finance, insurance and real estate; mining and public administration.

Source: Pew Hispanic Center.

 

Average Earnings of  Foreign-Born

And Native Men, 1990  (1995 Dollars)

 

Annual Earnings

Nativity and Time of Arrival

Amount

As % of native-born

 Native-born

$37,551

100.0%

All Foreign-born

 31,935

  85.0%

   Recent Arrivals (l.t. 10 yrs.)

 24,318

  64.8%

       Europe and Canada

 41,957

111.7%

       Asia

 28,026

  74.6%

       Africa and Oceania

 25,446

  67.8%

        Mexico

14,251

  38.0%

   Earlier Arrivals (m.t.10 yrs.)

37,228

  99.1%

       Europe and Canada

47,270

125.9%

       Asia

46,385

123.5%

       Africa and Oceania

36,746

  97.9%

       Mexico

21,846

  58.2%

Source: National Research Council, The New Americans, 1997. Table 5-2.

 

Edwin S. Rubenstein (email him) is President of ESR Research Economic Consultants in Indianapolis.