National Data | Chart | Affirmative Action, Immigration, Curing America Of White Doctors
May 09, 2007, 05:00 AM
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Table 1:

U.S. Medical School Enrollment by Race and Ethnicity, 1978-2005

 

Total

White

Asian

Black Americans

Hispanic

Native American  and Unknown

1978

60,039

51,974

1,422

3,587

1,914

1,142

1979

62,213

53,746

1,592

3,537

2,263

1,075

1980

63,800

54,854

1,777

3,627

2,332

1,210

1981

65,189

53,434

1,924

3,708

4,684

1,439

1982

66,298

56,201

2,518

3,854

2,850

875

1983

66,748

56,032

2,936

3,869

3,283

628

1984

67,327

56,167

3,290

3,892

3,301

677

1985

67,016

55,232

3,763

3,944

3,315

762

1986

66,585

54,335

4,289

3,849

3,558

554

1987

66,125

53,136

4,883

3,892

3,461

753

1988

65,735

51,728

5,738

3,968

3,491

810

1989

65,300

50,366

6,595

3,995

3,551

793

1990

65,016

48,961

7,489

4,145

3,407

1,014

1991

65,163

47,893

8,436

4,241

3,401

1,192

1992

65,602

47,094

9,438

4,334

3,432

1,304

1993

65,591

45,880

9,988

4,514

4,624

585

1994

66,188

45,427

10,525

4,789

5,213

660

1995

66,796

43,976

11,065

5,092

5,869

794

1996

66,932

44,374

11,440

5,309

5,100

709

1997

66,903

43,880

11,876

5,380

5,088

679

1998

66,979

43,284

12,560

5,298

5,175

662

1999

66,476

42,945

12,741

5,149

4,957

684

2000

66,237

42,609

12,978

5,033

4,890

727

2001

65,963

42,154

13,264

4,881

4,861

803

2002

65,989

41,737

13,139

4,746

5,510

857

2003

66,334

42,435

13,589

4,905

3,882

1,523

2004

67,013

42,241

13,601

4,945

4,388

1,838

2005

67,446

42,640

13,745

4,990

4,702

1,369

 

Total

White

Asian

Black Americans

Hispanic

Native American  and Unknown

 

Percent of Total Enrollment:

1978

100.0%

86.6%

2.4%

6.0%

3.2%

1.9%

1979

100.0%

86.4%

2.6%

5.7%

3.6%

1.7%

1980

100.0%

86.0%

2.8%

5.7%

3.7%

1.9%

1981

100.0%

82.0%

3.0%

5.7%

7.2%

2.2%

1982

100.0%

84.8%

3.8%

5.8%

4.3%

1.3%

1983

100.0%

83.9%

4.4%

5.8%

4.9%

0.9%

1984

100.0%

83.4%

4.9%

5.8%

4.9%

1.0%

1985

100.0%

82.4%

5.6%

5.9%

4.9%

1.1%

1986

100.0%

81.6%

6.4%

5.8%

5.3%

0.8%

1987

100.0%

80.4%

7.4%

5.9%

5.2%

1.1%

1988

100.0%

78.7%

8.7%

6.0%

5.3%

1.2%

1989

100.0%

77.1%

10.1%

6.1%

5.4%

1.2%

1990

100.0%

75.3%

11.5%

6.4%

5.2%

1.6%

1991

100.0%

73.5%

12.9%

6.5%

5.2%

1.8%

1992

100.0%

71.8%

14.4%

6.6%

5.2%

2.0%

1993

100.0%

69.9%

15.2%

6.9%

7.0%

0.9%

1994

100.0%

68.6%

15.9%

7.2%

7.9%

1.0%

1995

100.0%

65.8%

16.6%

7.6%

8.8%

1.2%

1996

100.0%

66.3%

17.1%

7.9%

7.6%

1.1%

1997

100.0%

65.6%

17.8%

8.0%

7.6%

1.0%

1998

100.0%

64.6%

18.8%

7.9%

7.7%

1.0%

1999

100.0%

64.6%

19.2%

7.7%

7.5%

1.0%

2000

100.0%

64.3%

19.6%

7.6%

7.4%

1.1%

2001

100.0%

63.9%

20.1%

7.4%

7.4%

1.2%

2002

100.0%

63.2%

19.9%

7.2%

8.3%

1.3%

2003

100.0%

64.0%

20.5%

7.4%

5.9%

2.3%

2004

100.0%

63.0%

20.3%

7.4%

6.5%

2.7%

2005

100.0%

63.2%

20.4%

7.4%

7.0%

2.0%

Source: Association of American Medical Colleges, "Minorities in Medical Education: Facts

and Figures 2005. Table 7 (1978-2003); Table 6 (2004-2005)

PDF   

 

Table 2:

Native and Foreign-born

Physicians in the U.S.

 

 

Native

Foreign

% Foreign

 

Total

Born

Born

Born

1970

334,028

276,709

57,319

17.2%

1994

684,414

529,736

154,678

22.6%

2002

874,589

675,886

198,703

22.7%

2005

794,893

609,659

185,234

23.3%

% increase, 1970-2005

138.0%

120.3%

223.2%

 

Source: American Medical Association, International Medical Graduates (IMGs) in the U.S.

 

Edwin S. Rubenstein (email him) is President of ESR Research Economic Consultants in Indianapolis.